The purpose to create this dashboard is to explore and monitor the aging process of Singapore. The dashboard has two parts. The upper part is about the current situation: Is Singapore experiencing aging problem now? What is the trend of aging process? The rest of the dashboard mainly focuses on two main themes: economy and health, because of our reading of report by the World Health Organization and many essays. The Singapore government can develop appropriate policies and regulations to deal with aging problems in time according to the dashboard.(The definition of elderly is people who are over 65)
- What is the distribution situation of elderly people in Singapore?
Geographical distribution data of elderly is shown on the map to help us learn the distribution of elderly from 2006 to 2015. Obviously, elder people gather in these districts: Tampines East，Bedok, Trafalgar, Aljunied and Hong Kah; and elder people are denser in the East than West, in the South than North. However, Trafalgar and Hong Kah are not as dense as in the past when time goes, and the nearby districts have become denser instead.
- How does age structure of Singapore change? How does the elderly support rate (ESR) change?
Demographic data from 2006 to 2015 is used to see the trend of aging process. The percentage of elder people has increased while the percentage of 0-4 year old infants has decreased, which means that Singapore is becoming an aging society. The elderly support rate represents the result of number of elder people divided by number of people between14-65. The ESR has decreased significantly, indicating the heavier burden of the aging society. Fewer young people need to support more elder people in the future. So Singapore government should pay more attention to the aging problem and take some action now.
- Are elderly living under less or more economy pressure?
Work participation rate data of different ages in Singapore is combined with the income data to learn the degree of pressure. After comparison, we find that though the elderly’s work participation is not as high as that of young people, it has been increasing evidently these years, indicating that more and more elder people start to work. The income of elderly is not optimal: most elderly’s salary maintain below 2000 dollar. All these reflect that the economy situation of the elderly has become worse than before, and that more and more elderly need to work, most of whom have low income.
- Has the health condition of the elderly improved or not?
After comparing the growth of hospital admissions of total people and elder people, it can be found that the health situation of elderly has not improved since the growth of total hospital admissions is smaller than that of elder people after 2014. It can be seen that the growth rate of people over 65 has increased rapidly since 2014, which surpassed the growth rate of total hospital admission. Though the life expectancy of the elderly is better than before, the medical need is the key factor to measure the health condition. Higher the hospital admission is, worse the health condition is. It is acceptable that growth rate of hospital admission rate of elderly and total maintain at a same level. Once hospital admission rate of elderly has changed evidently, the government should pay attention to the health condition change of elderly.
Link to Tableau Public： Aging Problem of Singapore
Submitted by :
Chen Weibin A0163249B
He Shangui A0163348B
Liu Yizhe A0163191J
Zou Yumeng A0163394Y