Singapore_Solar_energy_3

Business Objective:

The objective of this dashboard is to promote renewable energy in Singapore. With its history of rapid growth and expanding demand for energy, Singapore is very reliant on an efficient and modern electrical system. The reliable supply of energy at a competitive price, influences the ability of Singapore industry to compete internationally, which in turn has a direct impact on its economy. Through this dashboard, we will understand how the energy is being produced from conventional methods and how much of that energy can be compensated by using Renewable Energy, especially Solar Energy.

Below are few questions that have been answered through this dashboard.

1.What are the major sources of power generation in Singapore?

  • Singapore’s geographical location is such that it limits the opportunity of using various form of renewable energy such as Wind Energy, Tidal Energy. Singapore’s wind speed is too low to harness its potential. On the other hand tidal range is narrow due to the calm seas. Solar energy is only the potential source of renewable energy available to Singapore.
  • Considering the Non-Renewable Energy resources, Natural Gas (Methane) is the major fuel source for generation of electricity followed by coal and petrol.

2.What is the effect of Current Power generation on the environment?

Most of Singapore’s power generated (say., 85%) is from Methane (Non-Renewable Energy resource). This causes serious effect to the environment and the society by emission of hazardous gases. For each kWh in a grid, certain amount of Methane is emitted to the environment. These energy sources are a potential burden on the economy of the country. They also take a major toll on the country’s air pollution index. Usage of Non-renewable resources should be replaced with renewable sources of energy resources for better and green future.

3.What is the contribution of each region of Singapore towards solar energy production?

The Solar Energy production has increased over the years in nearly all the 5 regions of the country. The West region has shown a steep increase in the solar energy production compared to all the other regions. However, the North region doesn’t have any considerable increase in the solar energy production.

4. How much Solar energy potential does Singapore have?

Singapore is situated very near to the equator, thus the average sunshine received by Singapore compared to other countries is relatively high. A large part of Singapore is still available for installation of solar panels. On an average, a square meter of solar panel will produce 150 watts per hour. Singapore enjoys an average sunshine hour of 5.5 hrs. per day. By installing more solar panels, energy generation will increase exponentially and contribute to the Singapore’s growing demand for energy/power.

Estimated daily output in Watts per day = Peak sun shine hours per day x PV systems rated output (Watts) x 0.85*

Reference: http://www.theecoexperts.co.uk/how-do-i-calculate-sun-hours

5.What is the impact of Solar energy on power tariff?

The increase in Solar Energy Production over the years has considerably reflected in reduction of general power tariff per kWh. Solar energy generation is a one-time installation set-up which would last for 10 years with minimal maintenance. Thus, compared to the other form of energy generation, cost invested in solar energy generation is negligible.

Data Source

  • The datasets related to Singapore Energy Consumption and Production are obtained from the Energy Market Authority of Singapore
  • https://www.ema.gov.sg/

Data Preparation

  • Different datasets related to energy were obtained from EMA
  • The datasets with different units were pooled together to have the their relative units for comparison

Link to Tableau Public

https://public.tableau.com/profile/publish/SolarEnergy_Singapore/SolarEnergyDashboard

Team Members

  • Aravind Somasundaram (A0163301X)
  • Mutharasan Anbarasan (A0163257A)
  • Raghavan Kalyanasundaram (A0163316L)
  • Ram Nagarajan (A0163247E)
  • Seshan Sridharan (A0148476R)
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